Slice by Slice Adaptive Histogram Equalization¶
Most SimpleITK filters can only operate on 2 or 3 dimensional images, with the exception of filters such as ExtractImageFilter, PasteImageFilter, SliceImageFilter and JoinSeriesImageFilter. However, SimpleITK (by default) supports upto 5 dimensional images. A high dimensional image can be processed by extracting 2 or 3 dimensional images, then either using the JoinSeriesImageFilter to join the sub-volumes together or the PasteImageFilter to copy the results back to the original image. Possible reasons include when the z direction spacing is too great, or for computation or memory efficient reasons. Additionally, it may be desired to process a volume (3d or higher) as a sequence of 2 dimensional images.
In this example, the AdaptiveHistogramEqualizationImageFilter is used to processes a higher dimensional image as a sequence of two dimensional images.. When the filter is run only a single X, Y cross-section of the volume.
Both the Python and the C++ examples demonstrate a reusable “decorator” to wrap the SimpleITK AdaptiveHistogramEqualization procedure to process the input image by 2d slices. A function decorator is a function which takes a function as an argument and returns a modified or wrapped function. The decorators are written generically, so they can work with other SimpleITK procedures or a custom procedure. The decorators wrap the procedure to accept a 2, 3, 4 or 5 dimensional image as input. The pasting approach is used to provide a memory efficient approach.
The process of extracting a slice, processing, and then pasting back to the original image is straight forward. However, to create a reusable decorator requires advanced language specific features. Additionally, to efficiently do pasting in place execution is done in C++, and sliced indexed assignment is used in Python.